What is Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a Non-infectious Skin disease with well-defined affected areas with silvery scales and rashes. Rashes may become red and itchy. It’s a Chronic Inflammatory Disorder or we can call as Autoimmune disease. Which means Overactive immune response is a causative factor for the development of Psoriatic lesions and associated problems such as Psoriatic arthritis etc. Mostly these silvery scales and lesions are predisposed in pressure points or have a typical distribution on scalp, trunk, elbow, knee, front and back of legs.Psoriatic lesions also found in palm, soles of a foot.
It is fairly common in the Temperate climate. Almost 4% of INDIAN Population, about 8% in Middle East Countries and 2-4 % of the population in western countries are affected with Psoriasis and associated symptoms. It’s common to relapse the symptoms in monsoon or during seasonal changes.
What changes happened in your body with Psoriasis?
Psoriasis appears to be largely a disorder of Keratinisation means a premature formation of a horny layer of Keratin cells.Human skin has two layers Epidermis and Dermis.In between lies, a thin subcutaneous tissue called hypodermis.
Outer Epidermis layer is tough and it contains keratin cells melanin pigment-producing melanocytes. The second layer called the dermis. Hair roots, Sweat glands, oily glands and nerve endings are involved in Dermis layer.
Keratin cells are formed in basal layer o the epidermis. This protein is responsible for the formation of Hair, Nails and outer surface of the skin. The formation of keratin cells and its transformation and movements to an outer surface of a body or to form nails & hairs usually takes 14 days to one month. But in individuals with rapid replacement of epidermis or multiplication of keratin cells and its movements to a surface of the body take place within 4 to five days. The body cannot shed these rapidly formed Keratinocytes, leads to the formation of Scales. Generally, this rapid proliferation and transformation of keratin cells or Keratinocytes may be secondary to the inflammatory cell mediators signalling defects. Normal Inflammatory response by white blood cells is essential for wound healing & prevent invading microorganisms. In this conditions, T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes are involved in the formation of antibodies against this particular pathogens or proteins. But in Psoriatic patients, a defects in T cells response and signalling to B lymphocytes leads to the formation of autoantibodies which attack body’s own cells and abnormal inflammatory changes , common features found in all autoimmune diseases.
Causes of Psoriasis
As per the modern medical knowledge, the precise causative factors of Psoriasis are yet to understand.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease means is developed as an abnormal immune response in the body , which affects all age groups, but fresh psoriatic patients are adolescents or young adults.
The onset of psoriasis and its prognosis reveals it’s here do- familial link. The mode of inheritance is not properly understood but Changes in weather, stress, anxiety, mental and physical trauma, fever, digestive upsets, certain medications, pregnancy etc triggers disease onset in genetically susceptible individuals. .
Certain infections caused by viruses or bacteria such as streptococcal infection, HIV and Human papilloma viruses, diabetes mellitus and hormonal changes are the other triggering factors.Physical trauma and pressure seems to be a factor for the localisation of psoriatic plaques. Certain food habits such as regular use of liver, brain, kidney and meats of buffalo, goat, pig, alcoholic beverages and sweetbreads are precipitating factors of psoriasis.
Types of Psoriasis
Based on the symptoms and clinical presentation of lesions and distribution of scales in a body, various forms of exist.These different types condition occur together, alone or may follow one.
Plaque Psoriasis or Psoriasis Vulgaris
More than 50 % of patients are diagnosed with plaque psoriasis vulgaris. Vulgaris means common .we can classify them as mild, moderate or severe based on affected area and distribution of plaques.
People with plaque diseases have reddish-brown papules and plaques covered with silvery scales of dead cells with or without itching.Initially, plaques are small, round with raised edges and appear on identical parts of the body. Usually scraping of these scales leaves three to five bleeding spots in that spot.
In the later stage, these plaques joint together to form bigger thicker scales affecting larger areas of the body.skin becomes more dry and larger plaques may crack and starts bleeding, especially at elbow and knee joints.
About 10 -15% affected with this Guttate psoriasis.Lesions are small look like teardrops and distributed over trunk and feet and legs. Most of the individuals with Guttate psoriasis are children or adolescents. Usually, Guttate is precipitated by sore throats caused by streptococcal infection or by the topical use of medications to other skin diseases.
Pustular psoriasis is characterized by lesions filled with puss. They are non-infectious and contains cell debris as a result of inflammatory processes in this deases. Puss filled papules usually located at a region of the upper hand, shoulder, both sides of stomach, inguinal region, thighs and ankle region.Most of the patients had a history of throat infection or fever before precipitating pustular lesions.
Erythrodermic can also term as Exfoliate psoriasis.This is a severe form psoriasis as red lesions develop almost all parts of the body along with itching and pain. Usually, erythrodermic psoriasis developed in patients those who have other forms elsewhere in the body and those who have taking medications such as corticosteroids, methotrexate etc.
What Ayurveda says about Psoriasis.
Ayurveda defines psoriasis and associated skin problems are due to either hereditary reasons or by the unhealthy or unwholesome food habits, an improper lifestyle which leads to vitiation and imbalance ultimately affecting the homeostasis of the body. Which we can interpret as the autoimmune changes in the body.
Ayurvedic treatment for Psoriasis
Ayurvedic treatments for Psoriasis is uniquely depends on the conditions of a patient, lifestyle, food habits, personal & family history. Ayurvedic treatments precisely targeting the root cause of diseases and prevent the chances of recurrence and associated complications. Ayurveda recommends both OP based treatments usually called as ‘ śamana ‘ treatments and IP treatments ‘Panchakarma’ treatments. The doctor can design your unique treatment protocols based on the symptoms and lifestyle.
Ayurvedic diet plan for Psoriasis
Ayurveda is the unique system of medicine with four thousand years of experience and expertise in treating this kind of disease. It clearly describes various detoxification therapies and completely herbal formulations to prevent autoimmune response in the body.
Ayurveda advises to avoid following food products Such as Curd, black gram, pickles, tamarind, too many spicy foods, read meats such as beef, goat, pork, alcoholic beverages, junk food and bakery items.
Our Speciality Treatments for Psoriasis- eczema Acne Vulgaris, Seborrhoeic Dermatitis, Exfoliate dermatitis, Lichen planus.
What should I expect from my Ayurvedic Psoriatic Consultation?
Our expert Ayurvedic physicians will gather a complete medical history, investigation reports& look for signs and symptoms to conclude a diagnosis.
our team of experts will review the results of any prior testing that has been performed and will ask questions about your personal and family medical history such as Have you had more than any form of psoriasis before? Has anyone in your family had a history of autoimmune skin diseases?
or you have any health problems with chances of possible psoriasis development etc. Understanding your medical, family and dietary history helps to provide you with the proper treatment.
Our unique medicines and treatment methodologies completely relieve the symptoms and prevent relapses. Ayurvedic treatments prevent the development of associated conditions such as psoriatic arthritis etc.